Taking into account the challenges of industry 4.0 on the one hand and the advantages of technological advances on the other, naturally leads to significant changes in the Information System.
One of the principal evolutions is called « integration »; vertical and real-time integration from the sensors and machines in the factory to the ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning), and horizontal integration which daily links the product design, manufacture and distribution.
Vertical integration is not really a new concept (CIM – Computer Integrated Manufacturing began in the 80’s), but is popular today due to a huge leap forward in technology: connected objects, mobility, big data, the cloud, etc. and well-developed software package solutions.
On the other hand, horizontal integration testifies to the fact that there is rapid convergence of the following: R&D with Production, PLM (Product Lifecycle Management) with ERP, and MES (Manufacturing Execution System), LIMS (Laboratory Information Management System).